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C3R is an international leader driving remanufacturing and resource recovery innovation. We support industry, NGOs, and policymakers as a trusted resource for remanufacturing research, evaluation, engineering, technology development, and more. Additionally, our one-of-a-kind remanufacturing testbed offers advanced facilities, equipment, and technologies capable of furthering key remanufacturing areas, such as core identification, condition assessment, commercial cleaning processes, and additive repair.
ReMan - Still (d)RE
C3R makes an effort to be involved in all major endeavors to better understand the remanufacturing industry and to move it forward. We consistently work with industry, government agencies, and other universities on projects that will help remanufacturers improve their processes and knowledge.
One of our research leaders showcases various remanufacturing techniques, including flame spraying and additive and subtractive laser deposition techniques, and how they can be used to refurbish components.
Annual RIC-RIT World Remanufacturing Conference: We host an annual conference centered around remanufacturing innovation, where we gather premier industry experts for two days of discussion and education around the future of remanufacturing.
Remanufacturing Testbed and Facilities Tours: We offer tours of our state-of-the-art remanufacturing facilities or those of our partners to educate engineers on the latest equipment and processes to the industry.
Remanufacturing is "the rebuilding of a product to specifications of the original manufactured product using a combination of reused, repaired and new parts". It requires the repair or replacement of worn out or obsolete components and modules. Parts subject to degradation affecting the performance or the expected life of the whole are replaced. Remanufacturing is a form of a product recovery process that differs from other recovery processes in its completeness: a remanufactured machine should match the same customer expectation as new machines.
Many formal definitions of remanufacturing exist in the literature, but the first published report on remanufacturing, by R. Lund (1984), describes remanufacturing as "... an industrial process in which worn-out products are restored to like-new condition. Through a series of industrial processes in a factory environment, a discarded product is completely disassembled. Useable parts are cleaned, refurbished, and put into inventory. Then the product is reassembled from the old parts (and where necessary, new parts) to produce a unit fully equivalent and sometimes superior in performance and expected lifetime to the original new product".
Furthermore, the Automotive Parts Remanufacturers Association (APRA) realized that communication problems can arise when people from different countries with different language skills talk about remanufacturing. Certain terms can have different meanings as definitions between countries and individuals vary. In 2013, APRA was able to solve these communication problems by publishing a common translation list in many different languages in order to unite all those who deal with the automotive industry.
In addition to these is a less significant type of remanufacturing, remanufacturing by recoating of worn engine parts. This type of remanufacturing serves many engine parts and other large and expensive components that become worn after a period of use. An example is the engine block, in particular the cylinder engine bores, which must withstand combustion. Instead of disposing of engine blocks, remanufacturing enables re-use by coating them with plasma transferred wire arc spraying (PTWA). Remanufacturing by recoating of parts is also popular in aviation and with geothermal pipe.
Rebuilding is an old name for remanufacturing. It is still widely used by automotive industry. For example, the Automotive Parts Remanufacturers Association (APRA), have the new term in their name, but to be safe on their own website use the combined term 'rebuild/remanufacture'.
The term 'rebuilding' is also often used by railway companies; a steam locomotive may be rebuilt with a new boiler or a diesel locomotive may be rebuilt with a new engine. This saves money (by re-using the frame, and some other components, which still have years of useful life) and allows the incorporation of improved technology. For example, a new diesel engine may have lower fuel consumption, reduced exhaust emissions and better reliability. Recent examples include British Rail Class 57 and British Rail Class 43.
An overhead map of vanilla Morrowind and our latest in-development TR_Mainland plugin (i.e., the playable area of the mod), showing the new lands added towards the south-west in the upcoming expansion. You can still see some rough edges, like the straight-line transition between Roth Roryn to the north and Armun Ashlands to the south, which we plan to address prior to release.
Today, we are a family-owned company headquartered in Milwaukee, WI. With over 3,600 different transmissions and transfer cases servicing more than 30,000 vehicle applications, we are sure to provide you with your perfect fit for a remanufactured transmission. With our ever-growing distribution network and product offering, ETE REMAN is ready to serve you.
Many consumers may not realize reman auto parts are a green product, but they are. Compare a reman alternator to a new alternator. The reman unit reuses the original aluminum casting, the original iron rotor and the original copper stator windings. The brushes, shaft bushings and some of the electronics (such as the rectifier diodes) may be replaced depending on which components are worn out, have failed or need to be upgraded. So instead of going into a landfill or being melted down for scrap, most of raw materials in the original part are cleaned up, inspected, tested and returned to service.
Reusing aluminum and iron castings is a very energy-efficient way of remanufacturing parts because it takes a lot of heat to melt and pour metal. Add to that the energy and tooling costs that are required to make and machine raw castings into a finished product, and you can see why reman parts make economic and environmental sense. Everything from engines to ABS units, A/C compressors, alternators, brake calipers, clutches, CV axles, fuel injection components, master cylinders, starters, steering racks, transmissions and water pumps can all be economically remanufactured and marketed as green alternatives to new parts. THE CHINA FACTOR
Many remanufacturers in the U.S. have been hurt by the influx of low-priced new parts from offshore, and some have actually been driven out of business (the collapse of American Remanufacturing Inc. in 2006, for example). By targeting the high-volume numbers for various types of replacement parts, offshore suppliers have forced many rebuilders to shift their focus to limited production, low-volume parts and parts for newer vehicles. This includes a lot of the new, high-tech, high-dollar components such as PCMs, ABS units, other types of modules, gasoline and diesel fuel injection components, and so on. Many of these parts do not lend themselves to low-cost, high-volume reproduction, and they can be very profitable to rebuild. QUALITY
A quality remanufacturer or supplier will use quality materials and workmanship, will test their products to make sure they work before they go in the box, and will stand behind their products with a reasonable warranty (the longer the better). Those who cut corners to cut costs may not do any of these things.
Reman parts use the same casting or stamping and other internal components as the original part, so the only issue as far as most technicians are concerned is if the part is remanufactured to high-quality standards. In this respect, brand name products generally have more of a reputation to protect than no-name products. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
One of the tradeoffs of remanufacturing is that it requires rebuildable cores. Cores may come from salvage yards or core brokers (who buy cores from various sources). Or, the core may come from the customer when he exchanges his old part for a reman part. If the core comes from the customer, the parts store and warehouse distributor has to handle it, store it and eventually ship it back to the remanufacturer so it can be rebuilt.
Depending on your shipping or packaging requirements, one pallet may be more ideal than the other. To help you distinguish which pallet works better for your needs, we have sorted out the differences between recycled pallets and remanufactured pallets:
Essentially considered used pallets, these pallets are used repeatedly with minor maintenance and upkeep until they reach the end of reliable service life. Proper and regular maintenance are observed to ensure that recycled pallets are still as good as new. Recycled pallets are also graded to help businesses discern which type they need. Grade A would mean that the pallet is as good as new and does not need any repair. A Grade B pallet means that the pallet may have undergone repair already and may not be as aesthetically pleasing as a higher grade pallet. The further down the scale you go, the poorer the quality. It is recommended to just choose between a Grade A or B to ensure that your goods are safe and secure. Other terms used when referring to recycled pallets are repaired pallets, refurbished pallets, or reconditioned pallets.
When a pallet is already beyond repair, it is usually dismantled. Its parts will then be reused to build another pallet using old parts and newer materials. The end product is what they call a remanufactured pallet, also sometimes shortened as reman pallets. Remanufactured pallets are as sturdy and reliable as new ones. They can also be overhauled in order for them to look brand new. Basically, using a remanufactured pallet is just like buying a new one but for a much lower price. Remanufactured pallets are also sometimes called as combo pallets, hybrid pallets, or rebuilt pallets. 041b061a72